The first thing: check that your Windows 7 or 8.1 is updated
A detail that many forget is that the upgrade to Windows 10 via Windows Update will only be available for the latest versions of Windows 7 and Windows 8.1 . That is, it requires that we have all the Service Packs and other important updates already installed on the computer.
For example, in Windows 7 it is required to have installed Service Pack 1 , and in Windows 8 it is required to have installed both the 8.1 update (which can be downloaded from the Windows Store), and the subsequent Update 1 , which is distributed through Windows Update .
In general, the procedure here is to go to Windows Update, press the “Check for updates” button, download and install everything that is available, wait for the PC to restart, and repeat until there are no more updates to download .
Then: reserve the update and check that you meet the requirements
Once you have your PC updated you should automatically install an application called “Get Windows 10” , which allows you to register to obtain the free update to the new operating system (if it does not appear on your computer, try this troubleshooting , or following these other instructions ). Just click on the Windows button in the lower right corner of the screen and follow the instructions of the assistant.
Then you must verify that your PC meets the minimum requirements. The most important are the following:
At least one processor or SoC of 1 Ghz.
1 GB of RAM in the case of the 32-bit version or 2 GB for the 64-bit.
Graphics card with DirectX 9 or later with a WDDM 1.0 driver
Screen resolution of at least 1024 x 600 pixels.
The same “Get Windows 10” application allows you to check this and also check the compatibility of drivers and peripherals. To do this simply click on the “hamburger button” in the upper right corner, and then select the option “Check this PC”, as shown in the following screenshot:
Finally, you should check that you have enough free space to download and install the update . Microsoft recommends us to free 20 GB of space to install the 64-bit edition (which is what most PCs will use today). This does not mean that after upgrading to Windows 10 we will have 20 GB less, in fact, it is likely to increase the available space , but temporarily more space will be used to download and decompress files.
To get those 20 GB of free space we can use Disk Cleanup , included in Windows 7 and Windows 8, and / or move files to OneDrive , which offers up to 30 GB of free storage in the cloud.
If everything goes well, and your Windows 7 / 8.1 license is original (this last important), then Windows 10 should be downloaded in the background, and when the download is finally complete, the following message will appear asking us when to complete the update.
Still do not see the update? Try the followingIt is important to mention that according to the same Microsoft not all will receive Windows 10 on the first day , but this will be launched in successive “waves” so as not to collapse their servers. But if you’re reading this you’re probably impatient to use Windows 10 as soon as possible.
The good thing is that we can force Windows Update to install the new operating system right now . You just have to do the following:
Go to the Start Menu and type “cmd”
Right click on the first result that will appear: System symbol
Select “Run as administrator”, and press “Yes” in the query window that will appear.
Write wuauclt.exe /updatenowand press Enter.
With this the update should start to download. To verify that the files are actually being downloaded you can go to C: / in the File Explorer (or whatever your main hard drive is) and verify that there is a folder called $ WINDOWS. ~ BT , which is where the files are downloaded temporarily before beginning the installation.
If there is nothing there, try going to C: \ Windows \ SoftwareDistribution \ Download and check that there are recently downloaded files (today). If nothing happens, you can help us temporarily disable Windows antivirus and firewall, or disable and re-activate Windows Update.
For the latter you have to reopen the Command Prompt in administrator mode, and write the following:
net stop wuauserv
rd /s /q C:\Windows\SoftwareDistribution
net start wuauserv
If all else fails, download this official Microsoft installer
If absolutely nothing of the above works (something unlikely), it is possible to start anyway a Windows 10 installation, when downloading and this official installer of the operating system that Microsoft has published on its website .
This installer allows you to start immediately updating to Windows 10 on the same PC that we are using, for which you have to select the option “Update this equipment” when you ask us what we want to do.
We are also allowed to create an ISO image that can be burned to a DVD and contains all the necessary files to start updating to Windows 10, you can download it using this tool . The tool itself weighs only 3.5 MB, but the ISO image that is downloaded by it weighs about 3 or 4 GB.
This wizard also allows you to configure a USB drive as a means to install Windows 10 (to update a tablet or laptop without a DVD drive).
What yes, to install Windows 10 in this way we must have at hand our current key of Windows 7 or Windows 8.1 , to be able to activate the system after updating, and so Microsoft recognizes it as original. If we do not know what our key is, we can find it using tools such as ProduKey or KeyFinder .
It is also very important that we choose the Windows 10 edition corresponding to our current edition of Windows 7 / 8.1. We can see the current edition of Windows by pressing the Start button, then type “winver” and press Enter. The equivalent edition of Windows 10 can be seen in the following table: